Acoording to a recent report of Eurostat climate change in recent years has made winters drier and prolonged cold temperatures throughout the spring season through May on the European Continent. These changes have negatively affected agricultural production throughout Europe, including Albania. The mild winters, which favored some of the season’s crops, led to their destruction when temperatures plummeted in early May 2019 and 2020. The weather, with warm March and April and cold May, affected the summer harvest. The seedlings did not develop properly, or were damaged by drought and then by cold all over Europe. Many farmers faced double labor and the cost of replacing them. Subsequently, heavy rains, cold weather in May hindered the growth of replanted seedlings and as a result, agricultural products came on the market late.

Eurostat notes that the change in weather when winter is shifting to spring has been repeated in recent years. Agriculture is being directly affected by these changes. Agricultural production and their yield were negatively affected by drought, especially in the Mediterranean Region up to Spain and further into Germany and Poland. For summer crops (corn, sunflower, sugar beet, potatoes), crops were negatively affected by dry weather. Southeast Europe, which includes Albania, was badly affected by the lack of rainfall and high temperatures during most of the summer. Earlier in 2018, very dry autumn in most parts of Europe complicated the planting of winter crops. Dry autumn and high temperatures limited the planted areas. Climate change, which in recent years is shifting the basic characteristics of the climate is becoming the cause of declining productivity in agriculture.

Klara Ruci

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