He does not look at all like the protagonist of the movie “Exodus: Gentlemen and Kings”, released a few years ago in cinemas. But who was the man who opened the waters of the Red Sea? In addition to being the greatest prophet for the Jewish people, Moses is revered as a saint in Christianity, and for Muslims he is one of Muhammad’s ancestors.
Everything we know about it comes from the Old Testament. According to the most ancient Jewish tradition, he wrote the first five books of the Bible, called the Pentateuch or Torah. But later on at Pentateuch, researchers noticed many inconsistencies in language and anachronism, making it impossible for this book to be attributed to just one author.
They have concluded that 5 books were written by several people, and at different times. However, Moses remains Torah’s undisputed protagonist: of the 5 books, only the first (Genesis) does not speak of the leader of Israel.
According to the book of Exodus, which tells the story of Moses from his birth, until God gave him the Tablets of the Law, his parents were Job and Amram, two Israelites of the tribe of Levi, who were in Egypt with their children, Aaron and Miriam.
Since Pharaoh’s laws required the killing of all Jewish boys, when Moses was born, his mother put him in a basket and left him by the Nile. The baby’s cries were heard by Pharaoh’s daughter, who, after discovering the basket and calming the child, decided to adopt him.
At her sister’s suggestion, she chose to have the baby fed by his natural mother. Moses was raised by Pharaoh’s daughter, forgetting for a time the mission for which he had been chosen by God. But when he grew up, he became aware of the suffering of the Jews in Egypt, who were treated as slaves by the Egyptians.
One day he even kills an Egyptian who was beating an Israeli mercilessly and hides his body in the sand. But rumors of the perpetrator soon circulated, and after it was discovered, Moses was forced to flee to the desolate land of Madiana (today a region of Saudi Arabia).
There he stood out for his innate sense of justice, protecting a group of girls from the abuse of some local shepherds. As a sign of gratitude to the stranger, the father of 7 young girls offered to marry one of them, Zippora, with whom Moses had 2 sons.
As he was grazing his father-in-law’s herd of cattle, he discovered the mission God had reserved for him. On Mount Oreb, Moses saw a burning bush but was not consumed. Approaching closer by curiosity, he heard the voice of the Lord there for the first time. He ordered him to return to Egypt as soon as possible, reunite with his brother Aaron, and free the Israelites from slavery. Moses left for Egypt, and when he met Pharaoh, he presented his demands, which were met with arrogance and rejection by the leader of Egypt.
To persuade the Israelis to set him free, the Lord struck the Egyptian people with 10 calamities, one more severe than the other: the transformation of the waters of the Nile into blood, the conquest by frogs, mosquitoes and flies, the death of cattle, the emergence of ulcers in animals and humans, hailstorms, shrimp invasion, complete darkness for several days in a row, and the death of newborns.
The night before the departure, to allow the Angel of Death to figure out which houses to avoid, thus saving innocent lives, the doors of the houses where the Israelis lived were smeared with the blood of lambs. From that moment on, Pesach is celebrated, the Passover that the Jews still remember today.
Të nesërmen Faraoni, i tmerruar nga vdekja e djalit të tij të porsalindur, e lejoi Moisiun dhe popullin e tij të largohej nga Egjipi. Por pak ditë më vonë, ai u pendua për vendimin që mori, dhe pasi vuri veten në krye të ushtrisë, u vu në ndjekje të izraelitëve.
Ai i arriti ata në brigjet e Detit të Kuq. Një shtyllë zjarri e dërguar nga Zoti, i bllokoi egjiptianët, ndërsa Moisiu, gjithnjë sipas urdhrit hyjnor, e drejtoi shkopin e tij drejt ujërave, të cilat ndahen dhe ngrihen në të djathtë dhe të majtë, duke lejuar kalimin e hebrenjve në mes të detit.
Ato u mbyllen menjëherë kur në shtegun e hapur nisën të kalonin me shpejtësi karrocat me ushtarët egjiptianë, të cilët vdiqën që të gjithë të mbytur. Moisiu e çliroi popullin e Izraelit nga skllavëria, por misioni i tij nuk përfundoi aty. Pasi mori nga Zoti Tabelat e Ligjit që përmbanin Dhjetë Urdhërimet në malin Sinai, ai u përball disa herë me rebelimet, pakënaqësitë dhe mosmirënjohjen e popullit të tij hebre.
Si ndëshkim nga Zoti, ai dhe populli i tij u detyruan të enden 40 vjet në shkretëtirë, midis sulmeve të përsëritura nga fiset armike, përpara se të mund të shkelnin në Tokën e Premtuar.
Por vetë Moisiu nuk hyri në të:Dikur edhe ai dyshoi tek Zoti, dhe për këtë arsye iu ndalua hyrja. Sidoqoftë, nga lartësitë e malit Nebo, ai e pa nga distanca Tokën e Shenjtë, dhe në fund mundi që të vdesë i qetë.
Hollywood does not always stay true to history
The accuracy of historical films is often debatable, and Ridley Scott’s new film “Exodus: Gentlemen and Kings” is no exception. Criticism of the English director is related to the selection of the main actors, Christian Bale in the role of Moses and Joel Edgerton in that of Pharaoh Ramses II.
Both, despite the highlight and accentuated trick, have very white skin, at a time when the characters of Moses and Ramses, namely the Israelis and the Egyptians, must have had the typical brown color of the inhabitants of the Middle East.
How to further spark controversy, and those who provoked accusations of racism, even threats to boycott the film, was the fact that the actors playing the role of slaves are black, thus strengthening, according to critics, the stereotype of the “white protagonist”, and “Black in the background.”
Director Ridley Scott responded to the criticism by saying that if he had not chosen well-known actors for the lead role, such as Christian Bale (famous for his role as Batman), the producers would not have funded the film, so he did not have the luxury of chose actors from the Middle East who would be unknown to the world audience.
But ‘Exodus’ is not the first film to be criticized for its lack of scrupulousness in reconstructing the original story. The 2000 U-571 film by Jonathan Mostou deals with the story of the decipherment of the Enigma, the German device that coded the messages exchanged by the German army during World War II. He changed the nationality of the protagonists, making them American, not British, and thus taking away the merits of the latter.
“Braveheart” is the worst historical film ever made: The biography of the hero of Scotland William Williams, played by Mel Gibson in 1995, is full of errors including the use of the kilt, the typical typical Scottish last, which actually began to be used by some centuries later.
The fiction was also a love story, that of the protagonist with Princess Isabela, who at the time was actually just a little girl.
Meanwhile, it is again Ridley Scott who is accused of major inaccuracies with the 2000 film “Gladiator”, starring Russell Crowe and Hoakin Phoenix. The film begins with the assassination of Emperor Mark Aurel by his son Komoto, eager to ascend the throne. But in fact Mark Aurelius died of an illness, and his son Comoto had replaced him for several years. / Storia in Rete – Bota.al